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🍯the only insect that produces food for humans.

Honey is one of the oldest sweet substances known to mankind. This golden nectar has been used for many centuries for various purposes, from religious ceremonies to its more obvious culinary applications. Honey is are made from the nectar of flowers, which is collected by honey bees and transformed into honey. This unique process has been studied for millennia and is one of nature greatest wonders.

Extracting Hiney



The process of honey production begins with bees collecting nectar from flowering plants. When a bee discovers a suitable location, it begins to collect the nectar and stores it in its stomach. During the collection process, the bee adds enzymes from its salivary glands that break down the sucrose in the nectar into two sugars, glucose, and fructose. The bee then returns to the bee colony and deposits the mixture into the so-called honey comb cells.

Full of Honey Comb



The main component of the honey comb is wax, which is produced by special glands in the bee’s abdomen. The bees continue to fill the cells and fan them with their wings to aid in the evaporation of the nectar’s moisture. This evaporation process reduces the moisture content of the nectar from about 80% to between 17 and 21%. The resulting liquid is honey. The bees cap the cells with the wax to prevent evaporation and to protect the honey from mold and organisms.

Queen Bee



The primary use of honey is as a food, and it is only recently that its other uses have been noted. Honey can be used to treat minor ailments and injuries, due to its natural anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. It can be taken internally to treat digestive issues and relieve a sore throat. Mixed with olive oil, honey can be used as a moisturizing facial mask. It can also be applied directly to the skin to treat minor cuts, scrapes, and skin inflammation.



Honey has recently gained increased popularity in the culinary world as a healthier alternative to processed table sugar. Chefs worldwide use honey for its unique flavour, colour, and viscosity when creating desert dishes and other confections. One of the primary advantages of using honey in place of white sugar is its higher level of fructose and lower glucose level, making it easier for the body to digest.



In conclusion, honey is one of the oldest and most sought-after sweeteners in the world. It is produced by honey bees from the nectar of flowers and its calories are derived from fructose and glucose. Honey can be used not only as an alternative sweetener, but also to treat ailments and used in DIY beauty regimens. Its versatility makes it a staple in many households, and its timeless popularity ensures that it will continue to be produced and enjoyed by future generations.

Bee full of Pollen Dust
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USES OF CHEMICALS IN CROPS

the cause of soil degradation is the excessive and disproportionate use of chemicals. In order to meet increasing public needs and to promote crop products, the use of high inputs of chemicals in the soil in the form of fertilisers, pesticides, fungicides, insecticides, nematicides and weedicides, along with intensive irrigation practises, helped to achieve the target to a certain stage. However, the decrease in crop yield took place despite the application of fertiliser. The toxic chemicals influence the life of beneficial soil

Adverse effects

microorganisms, which are indeed responsible for maintaining soil fertility. Moreover, groundwater, air, and human and animal health have also been adversely affected by these chemicals directly and indirectly. Soil health is a multi-dimensional and holistically vital soil characteristic, and forms the basis for healthy food production, thereby contributing to local and global food security. By 2050, a 60 percent rise in global food production and related ecosystem services need to be accomplished. But, through soil erosion, nutrient loss, salinity, sealing and pollution, one-third of global soils are currently facing moderate to extreme degradation. Since the chemical fertiliser increases the growth and vigour of the plant, it thus meets the world’s food security, but the plants grown in this way do not develop good plant characteristics such as good root system, shoot system, nutritional characteristics and will not have time to grow and mature.

Organic Farming V/s Chemical farming

properly. The deleterious effect of chemical fertilisers itself begins with the processing of chemicals whose products and by-products are certain harmful chemicals or gases that cause air pollution, such as NH4, CO2, CH4, etc. And it will cause water pollution when the waste from industries is disposed of untreated in nearby water bodies. It also involves the most damaging impact of the accumulation of chemical waste in the bodies of water, i.e. water eutrophication. And its constant use, when applied to the soil, degrades the health and quality of the soil, thereby causing soil contamination. It is therefore high time to realise that our climate and biodiversity are depleted by this crop production input. Therefore, its continuous use without taking any remedial action to reduce or judicious use will one day deplete all natural resources and threaten the entire life of the earth. Soil microorganisms play an important role in the conservation of soil fertility and ecosystem work. A large number of microbes gather around plant roots, which results in a distinction between the state of soil nutrients and the composition of the soil microbial population.



The region with the greatest contact between plant roots, soil and microorganisms is the rhizosphere. Microbes of the rhizosphere play an important role in the cycling of soil material and the transfer of energy. Fertiliser application negatively influence the soil microorganisms as well. The widespread use of chemical fertilisers currently leads to a decline in soil fertility and a number of environmental problems, while bioorganic fertiliser not only improves soil fertility through the contribution of beneficial microorganisms and organic materials, but also eliminates many of the environmental problems caused by chemical fertilisers.

Crops

Studies have shown that various fertilisation treatments have a significant effect on the structure of soil microbial biomass and the community. Different applications of fertilisers change the physical and chemical properties of the soil, which in turn affects the structure of the soil bacterial community. Previous studies have found that pH, nitrate, and available phosphate and potassium are significant soil factors that influence the structure of the microbial community. Repeated overuse of chemical fertiliser may have a detrimental impact on the quality of soil and the composition of the soil microbial population. The adverse effects of these synthetic chemicals on human health and the environment can be reduced or eliminated by adopting new agricultural technological practises, including the use of organic inputs such as manure, bio-fertilizers, bio-pesticides, slow-release fertilisers and Nano fertilizers, etc., and moving away from chemical intensive cultivation.

Crops Damage


After going through all these bad effects of conventional farming it is very easy to understand the question, why should we prefer organic farming? Organic farming is a method of crop and livestock production that involves much more than choosing not to use pesticide, fertilizer, genetically modified organisms, antibiotics and growth hormones. India is majorly into the development of agriculture and the environment. Organic farming concludes both of them together. In organic farming, there is a use of bio products which is safe for the soil as well as the environment so both the objectives are achieved. It boosts the nutritional quality of food

Organic crops are grown in biologically healthy and safe active soils. Crops on organic farms take a longer time to grow and tend to yield less per acre than crops on industrial agriculture. Also, plants nourished by soil on organic farms produce crops that are most likely to consist of more important minerals, antioxidants, and vitamins. Organic food gives the best results for health issues.

There are so many problems everyone is facing in the conventional food system like learning disabilities, water pollution, birth defects, farm animals suffering and so much more. I will support this fact by an example, in the past there were no medical facilities

Pollen exchange

What is Organic Food

Do you know what is organic farming …

Organic Farming


..There is little scientific evidence of benefit or harm to human health from a diet high in organic food, and conducting any sort of rigorous experiment on the subject is very difficult. A 2012 meta-analysis noted that “there have been no long-term studies of health outcomes of populations consuming predominantly organic versus conventionally produced food controlling for socioeconomic factors; such studies would be expensive to conduct.” A 2009 meta-analysis noted that “most of the included articles did not study direct human health outcomes. In ten of the included studies (83%), a primary outcome was the change in antioxidant activity. Antioxidant status and activity are useful biomarkers but do not directly equate to a health outcome. Of the remaining two articles, one recorded proxy-reported measures of atopic manifestations as its primary health outcome, whereas the other article examined the fatty acid composition of breast milk and implied possible health benefits for infants from the consumption of different amounts of conjugated linoleic acids from breast milk.” In addition, as discussed above, difficulties in accurately and meaningfully measuring chemical differences between organic and conventional food make it difficult to extrapolate health recommendations based solely on chemical analysis.

Pure Organic

According to a newer review, studies found adverse effects of certain pesticides on children’s cognitive development at current levels of exposure.Many pesticides show neurotoxicity in laboratory animal models and some are considered to cause endocrine disruption.

As of 2012, the scientific consensus is that while “consumers may choose to buy organic fruit, vegetables and meat because they believe them to be more nutritious than other food…. the balance of current scientific evidence does not support this view.”The evidence of beneficial health effects of organic food consumption is scarce, which has led researchers to call for more long-term studies.In addition, studies that suggest that organic foods may be healthier than conventional foods face significant methodological challenges, such as the correlation between organic food consumption and factors known to promote a healthy lifestyle.When the American Academy of Pediatrics reviewed the literature on organic foods in 2012, they found that “current evidence does not support any meaningful nutritional benefits or deficits from eating organic compared with conventionally grown foods, and there are no well-powered human studies that directly demonstrate health benefits or disease protection as a result of consuming an organic diet.”…(AD)

Village Foods

Who ARE Dards?

Dardistan

was the gateway to Central Asia, Gurez Valley is territory of india occupied Kashmir and Pakistan occupied Kashmir both side’s homeland is Dard people .
Gurez, located in the northwest part of Kashmir, is only 250 kilometers from Srinagar and 100 km from Bandipora District. The language of dardic people is (Shina.. The title dardic was give from this language.)
Jammu & Kashmir, and Northern Pakistan. The Dards, Darada, or Dardic are said to be the principal ethnic group credited for its name.
The Dards who live there speak (Dardic language) and they are called Dardic. Or Dards.


The Gilgit Region in Pakistan and Drass in ladakh all included in this region because the language and lifestyle are same.
The Dards, They are also claimed to have adopted Islam in the 14th century, speaking two different languages—Khowar ,Balties and Shina that are written in the shina script
Many explorers and academics linked to British India referred to the mountainous region of Hindu Kush, Karakoram, and westernmost Himalaya as Dardistan. Dardistan is also known as one of the most diverse linguistic regions in the world.
Dardistan was located at the mountainous in Central Asia.
This region is home to the valleys of the Hindu Kush, Karakorum, Pamir, and western Himalayas mountainous areas. The Hindu Kush has the most land and the greatest number of communities of all of these.
The Norwegian linguist Georg Morgenstierne called it One of Asia’s most multilingual regions in the 1930s. 

It has recently been referred to as “Peristan” by the Italian anthropologist Augusto Cacopardo, a region with a “rich variety of dialects and cultures.”
The area is home to the huge Dardic languages like Kashmiri, Shina, and Khowar on the one hand and the Burushaski language on the other, which is unrelated to any language family due to its distinctive characteristics

Even though the majority of the languages spoken here are related to the Indo-European family and more specifically to the Dardic sub-family of the Indo-Aryan group, they are so dissimilar from one another that speakers of one linguistic community must rely on Pashto or Urdu, a third language, is kashmir to communicate with those of a different community.

By Dard Amjad..

The gurez valley got the gold award for best offbeat tourist destination in India . Year..2022

GurezValley is decorated with beautiful Artificial lakes, surrounded by magnificent valleys and Mountains .The land is bestowed with nature’s bounty in terms of wild fruits and flowers. In winters the white blanket of snow adds to the beauty of Gurez. The valley is the choice destination not just for tourists and travellers but also for film industries and winter sports activities. Travellers visit different tourist destinations and health resorts including khandyal  view point Dam site Badwan, Habba khootan  hill station ,Habba khootan Spring Gujran waterfall, Sheetal Baghe, etc. Besides these beautiful destinations, Gurez is a great place to travel and enjoy the beauty of “Heaven on Earth” that is GurezValley.

Trout Fishing in River Neelam 🎣🎣

Gurez is the most beautiful valley of Kashmir, 85 km from the Bandipora district headquarters. Gurez is located in the high Himalayas. Many a traveller has now started to visit Gurez to enjoy the pure natural beauty, in the summer season. Destinations other than Gurez, like Kenare Gujran tulail and chackwalley, witness a huge rush of tourists in winters also. The valley of Gurez-Tulail also has huge potential for winter tourism and winter sports. The snow here is as much as in Gulmarg but being unexplored and neglected, Gurez hasn’t developed enough in the tourism sector.But now all is in progress .Gurez is even neglected by travellers in summers.  Many travellers appreciate about the Good road condition,no  lack of accommodation, good mobile connectivity,  electricity supplied by diesel generators, etc.

However, Gurez is a most peaceful area and its people are known for their great hospitality. Gurez is as beautiful and appealing in the winters as it is in summers. A thick blanket of snow, gushing streams, snow-capped mountains, white-coated trees, beautiful white meadows make the valley look no less than Switzerland.

Artificial Lake ⛵

The local youth wish to promote winter tourism and winter sports. They themselves pass their time playing different games here. They organize cricket tournaments which are joined by nearby village teams. They manage everything on their own without any support from the local administration.but , the army held different games like road race, volleyball tournaments, carrom championships, and even skiing competitions, which shows the high potential for sports here.

Winters in Gurez.. wooden House 🏠

If developed, Gurez-Tulail, the most beautiful valley of Kashmir, can play a crucial role in Kashmir’s tourism industry. Had there been a road tunnel at Razdan pass, and tourist huts in different villages, better local roads, better mobile connectivity, upgraded health care facilities, 24-hour electricity will also shines the nights of valley, etc, things would be much better.
Keeping in view the great significance of tourism in the GurezValley economy, I expect the government and the Kashmir tourism department to upgrade and develop this unexplored, neglected, far-flung valley but very beautiful and attractive valley. Establish a Gurez Development Authority onces this valley will be the number-one tourist attraction for travellers, local as well as national and international travellers. The valley will be the chosen destination in both summer and winter seasons.

Tulail Valley 🗻🥀

🏞️In 1895Gurez Valley 🗻🥀🥀



In 1895, the British author Sir Walter Lawrence called the Gurez Valley “Gurez valley is Crown 👑 of Kashmir ,” where the tourmaline waters of the Kishanganga /Neelam River are framed by “mountain scarps of indescribable grandeur.” In the book he wrote after traveling throughout the princely state, Lawrence predicted that Gurez would soon become one of Kashmir’s most popular Himalayan tourist destinations. For reasons he never could have foreseen, 120 years later, Gurez is still waiting.



Following the Partition of India in 1947, Pakistan and India fought over the possession of Kashmir, initiating what remains one of the world’s most intractable conflicts. When a cease-fire went into effect in 1949, Kashmir was provisionally divided between the two countries, and Gurez fell, just barely, on the Indian side of the border. Today, the de facto boundary is called the Line of Control.
For security reasons, beginning in 1947, the valley was declared off-limits to outsiders — meaning virtually everyone other than local tribespeople, the army or government workers. The ban would last for 60 years.
Gurez in 2007, when Indian newspapers reported that the valley, once a spur of the Silk Road, was opening to tourists.

Summar in GUREZ


Dawar, where a small bazaar — with dry goods shops, produce sellers and a few “hair saloons” — is surrounded by houses and fields. Low clouds hung like a shawl over the shoulders of Habba Khatoon — the graceful, 13,000-foot, pyramid-shaped peak that rises over the town and is named for the 16th-century poet known as the Nightingale of Kashmir, who is said to have lived near the mountain’s base as a young woman.
But Gurez was completely peaceful. It’s the rare nook of Kashmir where the Indian Army is on good terms with the local population, providing much-needed assistance with medical and other emergencies, especially in winter.


“There is no tension!” we were told by people throughout the valley, who usually placed a drawn-out, heartfelt emphasis on the “No.”
Gurez people were typically dressed in woolen clothes most of the men were bearded; and many of the older women wore the traditional local headdress, or an embroidered felt skullcap, called a khoi. Younger women simply wore a head scarf.and wooden homes, through the razor fence to the wildflower fields by the Kishenganga, then to the floodplain of a side creek, .
Gurez and Tulail are not truly Kashmiri, but from the Dard Shin tribe, and that their mother tongue is Shina. Most of the region known as Dardistan — the homeland of the Dardic people — is in Pakistan-administered Kashmir, with the Kishenganga Valley their only enclave on the Indian side of the Line of Control.
For centuries, life in the area has been based on subsistence farming and shepherding Goat’s and Sheep’s “Women had to be able to carry firewood and haul water and tend the fields
Outside of Achoora, a spring that legend says first gushed from the ground when the poet Habba Khatoon dropped a clay pot of water on the spot, .. Overall Gurez valley Needs More and More attraction of tourist .
..” Gurez valley is Crown of Kashmir valley “

Power project over/Kishanganga River Gurez

Brown Bear 🐻 in Gurez…

Brown bears from the last Eight years The Both carnivores and Herbivores held responsible for crop damages in Gurez area.

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Brown bears were responsible for crop damage of near about 10 thousand to (12 thousand per household). An even higher figure was attributed to female bears. Human attitudes and perception Local people’s views of the presence of carnivores were classified into two categories; carnivores and Herbivores People expressed negative views about female bears are more agrasue than Male bear. Respondents were asked to assign a number from intensity of danger to their live

Video (Brown Bear )in
Village khandyal

recommendationsCamera trapping confirmed the presence brown bears, but not black bears. However, questionnaire surveys strongly support the presence of black bears. We concluded on the basis of sighting reports, livestock losses, crop damages, etc., that black bears visit the area in late summer when temperatures rise and crops have matured. The people of the valley ex-pressed strong negative perceptions of predators due to the heavy livestock and crop losses. The scenario was even worse in the case of bears as both species were found to be involved in crop damages, adding to economic losses. Camera trap-ping results revealed that brown bears were usually restricted close to the LoC between Pakistan and India. The LoC is the most suitable and safe habitat for brown bears and other wild animals as human activity is low due to army restrictions in the area. This also showed that there are strong chances of bear movement across the border. s Finally, the people of Gurez Valley were very supportive at every stage.


#Physical Characteristics..#…..
.The brown bear has a slight hump above its shoulder, round ears, a long snout and big paws with long, curved claws that it uses for digging. Unlike the black bear, . It can weigh between 350-1,500 kg. When standing on its hind legs it can be up to 5 feet tal
#Behaviour…..#.Behavior

Brown Bear in Astana Nalla Gurez


Most adult brown bears are crepuscular, with peak activity in the early morning and evening. Young bears may be active during the day, while bears living near humans tend to be nocturnal. Adult bears tend to be solitary, except for females with cubs or gatherings at fishing spots in Artificial Lake and Streams near Badwan village.some times bears Windering in villages during day and in search of food in garbage sites..
.(Dard Amjad)

Brown Bear in fields in Gurez valley

🌾🌾ORGANIC FARMING IN GUREZ Valley…🏔️🌾🌾🌾🌱



The people were very strong, healthy and fit, the women were giving birth to children normally in their own home without any medical problems.

Tulail valley Gurez

95% children born were healthy and medically fit. People used to eat the foods grown in their own land and were dependent fully on the crops grown in their own fields. The crops grown were maize, wheat, different types of lentils, green vegetables, potatoes, etc. Nowadays people have been using the food from markets which is mostly grown by using conventional farming, as the products produced from conventional farming are very cheap but of low quality. The very bad effects of conventional products are that now people are not that healthy and fit as were in the past, people often fall sick, 95% children are born in hospitals via C-sections or surgeries. Researchers say that what we choose to eat has profound effects on our overall health. The use of conventional products produced by inorganic farming by using manmade products such as chemical fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides, antibiotics, hormones and other chemicals have very bad effects in our health.

Maize & Potato field khandyal Gurez

The farmers in Gurez of north Kashmir are growing the crops using organic farming. 99% of the crops are grown without using any chemicals. The farmers there use cover crops and composted manure to maintain soil organic matter and fertility. The crops produced have a different taste and better quality than the ones available in the market. The peas, maize, wheat, lentils grown in Gurez are very much nutritious and tasty. People prefer to buy Gurez maize, potatoes and the kidney beans grown by organic farming. The green vegetables grown in Gurez have a different flavour and health benefits. Manure is commonly applied to the field as raw manure (fresh or dried). Often the manure is used after drying it, the manure is kept collected somewhere nearby the fields. It is then applied to the field during the autumn or spring season. Major sources of manures are, the cattle shed wastes-dung, urine, poultry jitter, droppings of sheep and goat, cow dung etc. The foods grown in Gurez are safer, healthier, and tastier than the ones available in market which are mostly the conventionally grown foods. The world is now moving.

Potato Fields DAWAR

towards organic farming and people prefer to use the foods grown by organic farming. Gurez is already an organic valley and the people here grow crops by organic farming since long. If developed and supported the Gurezi crops like maize, peas, wheat can revolutionize the agriculture market. Gurez is being developed in tourism industry and is doing well in this industry, if the local farmers get support, if they are taught the different ways of organic farming to improve the crop yield the local economy can also be boosted. The crops grown in the valley are already very famous in the local people of Kashmir but due to very low exposure and quantity the crops are not available in the markets. Gurez has a capacity of growing a number of crops by organic farming, as the organic products are expensive and of best quality, the crops grown here like maize, peas, kidney beans, potatoes etc. can do wonders in the agricultural markets.

Kala Zera ( black cumin) Izmarg Gurez valley

In one hand the world is moving towards organic farming and on the other hand Gurez’s organic farming is decreasing day by day. The departments of agriculture, horticulture, social forestry etc. can help and support the local farmers in developing their farming ways. People even have started to grow apples, walnuts etc. in their orchards and if supported by the departments can also be improved. The organic farming is 35% more profitable than conventional farming. A large number of investors are looking up to having a business in organic farming as there are many people out there going vegan, organic as consuming conventional and toxic crops are giving major health issues.

GUREZ valley Surveyed .

There is a very effective and successful future of organic farming in the coming years as organic crops are more healthy and naturally grown as compared to conventional crops. There are large scopes of organic farming as it is cheap and does not include the use of toxic substances, drugs, etc. So as to boost the local economy of Gurez it is the need of the hour to teach the local farmers the new ways & techniques of organic farming to have great quality and healthier food products available in the market……..

Organic plant

Polo Game Back…. After six decades With A Bang At Grand Gurez Festival

POLO Team in Gurez

Polo Back With A Bang At Grand Gurez FestivalOn September 3, Gurez Valley recently awarded as the best offbeat tourist destination of India . Polo match was played between two teams of local youth, after six decades. The match was a major attraction of the Grand Gurez Festival organised by the Department of Tourism in collaboration with District Administration Bandipora and J&K Academy of Art Culture and Languages (JKAACL) to enhance and promote tourism in the virgin valley.



Other attractions
In addition to polo, adventure activities like rafting, kayaking, cycling, mountain biking, and trekking were organized during the festival. Also, All Terrain Vehicles (ATVs) were introduced Kashmiri dialects like Sheena, Dardi and Pahari that have lost speakers over time were also put in the spotlight by artists from JKAACL who seek to revive them. Additionally, several stalls were set up by different departments including animal and sheep husbandry, handloom, sericulture, handicrafts, and tourism. Traditional heritage items used in Gurez .
Gurez Valley in this North Kashmir district has emerged as a favourite tourist destination, drawing thousands of visitors from the country and abroad.

Khandyal top


Nestled in the Himalayas and surrounded by beautiful lush green forests, the Gurez Valley falls along the ancient Silk Route which connected Kashmir with Gilgit. It also falls on the military Line of Control (LOC) that divides Kashmir between India and Pakistan. People here speak the Shina language and are mostly living in wooden houses.
Last week, Gurez Valley bagged the best offbeat destination award 2022.The award was given to the Tourism Department for promoting Gurez in the category of offbeat tourism destinations.
From the past two years, Gurez has become a favourite tourist spot for the locals and domestic travellers and has witnessed record breaking tourist footfall.
However, this wasn’t possible without the help and cooperation of local youth volunteers who put up every means to facilitate the tourists.
the volunteers put-up tent colonies which gave a lot of boost to tourism.
The concept of home-stays has boosted the economy of the region and the youth are also able to earn their livelihood.
The locals have also started a number of restaurants and are earning their livelihood.
around 25000 tourists have visited the Valley so far this year, while around 12000 visited last year.
The administration is holding various road shows, car and bike rallies to promote tourism in the Gurez


Gurez is witnessing unexpected tourist footfall this year. On 15 August over 502 tourist vehicles crossed Razdan top to Gurez.
.The administration is spending around 35 crores on the developmental works in Gurez.
Although the valley remains abuzz with tourists in the summer, however as the snow falls it remains cut-off from the rest of the world. The locals maintain that there is a good scope of winter tourism but the roads get blocked due to snow.
The scenic views of hills and famous Neelum (Kishanganga) River, Gurez Valley is being promoted as a prime tourist destination. Other places to visit in the Gurez are Habba Khatoon Peak, Habba Khatoon Waterfall, Khandyal Top , Khandyal waterfall and Tulail.

RAZDAN PASS
From Khandyal hights overview

A complete Guide to travel in gurez valley


DESTINATION
Gurez Valley Kashmir
Introduction:By Dard Amjad..

Click By.Dard amjad

Travelling in Kashmir is quite different from travelling in many parts of the country. Firstly the misconception tourists carry that travelling in this region is unsafe. From all my years and experience of travelling in Kashmir, one thing I have understood is that nobody troubles the tourists – not the locals, not the army, in fact tourists have it easier than Kashmiris in Kashmir. Other deterrents are lack of phone network in certain parts of the state, and lack of great content on the internet about lesser known places.
“Gurez doesn’t really know whether it wants to be a Ladakh or a Kashmir. It doesn’t really know if it wants to be barren and bare, or lush and green. It is confused if it wants to be a rugged alpha male or a pretty girl. So it decided ‘why choose, when I can be both Ladakh and Kashmir.”
Gurez is, to put it simply, surreal. Cast your eye in one direction and you see tall brown mountains. Look over to the other side and you see green meadows, a river snaking through and houses dotted red and brown on the landscape. You will see snow capped peaks in the distance, a river that mysteriously changes colour from blue to grey, sunsets that render the sky gold and pink, flowers that spring wildly orange, white and yellow. Gurez is like a painting, and its fitting that its one of the remotest parts of the country – for one should really have to go some distance to see something beautiful”

Shrine of Baba Darvashe in shah pora khandyal Gurez
Bicycle Riding frim tulail valley to Gurez

A.Is it Safe to Travel to Gurez? Can solo travellers/girls go to Gurez?

As mentioned above, it is safe to travel to almost all parts of Kashmir whether you are a group of tourists, solo travellers, boy or girl. As much or less as any other part of India. The locals are mostly very warm towards tourists, especially in Gurez where they are very curious as not many visitors come to the valley.
Girls, a point to note. One doesn’t see many local girls in the streets of Gurez, unless they are out for some work or to buy something.
How to reach Gurez Valley:

Gurez is about 86 kms from Bandipore and 123 kms from Srinagar. You can hire a private vehicle from Srinagar and it’ll take about 5-6 hours to reach the Valley. If you want to use public transport, take a bus to Bandipore from Srinagar, and from Bandipore take another bus to Dawar village in Gurez.
Midway between Bandipore and Gurez, you will cross the highest point on the route – Razdan Pass. At an altitude of 3550 metres (11,627 feet), it offers gorgeous views of the mountains and gorges around. There is some incorrect information on the internet that the route/road is scary/dangerous. It’s a smooth mountain road, and there is nothing to worry about.During winters, Razdan pass receives heavy snowfall, and is closed for six months.You can also go to Gurez from Srinagar by helicopter.  The service is available only on Thursdays, Fridays and Saturdays, both ways. The ride is only 35 minutes long. The booking can be done either at the airport, or at the  TRC office, Rajbagh, Srinagar. At TRC, go to H block (2nd floor). Helicopter is the only way to reach Gurez during
winters.

C. Best time to Visit Gurez Valley:

Helicopter service also available in Gurez valley

Gurez receives heavy snowfall in winter. Even the passes leading upto it receive a lot of snowfall, so its shut for six months in a year. The valley remains open to tourists from May to October. The best time to visit Gurez is from late June to mid August.

D. Documents needed to visit Gurez Valley:

Domestic tourists wont face any hassles while visiting Gurez. There are many army checkposts, starting from Razdan Pass but all tourists need to do is show their Aadhar Card.

Aadhar card..for identification…

E. Internet in Gurez Valley:
the Valley is connected by Jio network. And BSNL..(Airtel, Vodafone, Idea) will not work at all in Gurez, but Jio works perfectly with 4G data. Every village in Gurez and Tulail have their own Jio tower, and there is superb connectivity..

Jio Tower at tulailGurz

Where to stay in Gurez Valley:….
The first major village that you shall reach once you enter the valley is Bagtore  and Kanzalwan .
…In Bagtore  Hotels are also available for stay ..where all kinds of Organic foods are available……..
Afsara Hotel and Restaurant (Iz marg Bagtore Gurez)
Wood Vibes hotel (Gurez)
Kaka Palace Hotel(Gurez)
Pine tree Hotel (Gurez)
Wooden Hut Khandyal (Gurez)
Shah Resort Khandyal (Gurez)
Gurez Retreat Khandyal (Gurez)
And .Alos Home stay Hotel’s are also available…
Camping sites ……
.Near Kishan ganga River
Artificial Lake
Khandyal Hights……

Camping site’s in Gurez valley..year 2020-22

E

Krishan Ganga Lake Gurez vally
Taxi services available in Gurez valley
The wooden Hut Khandyal Gurez..

Wood vibes Dawar Gurez
Coffee Cafa izmarge Bagtore  Gurez
Night Camping at Gurez valley

Afsara Hotel and Restaurant Izmarge Gurez
Kaka palace Mastan  Dawar Gurez

G. Where to eat in Dawar/ Gurez:

There are cafes in Dawar village and small dhabas and joints posing as restaurants. But they all serve Kashmiri food. / Indian and italian There is a small restaurant and  they gave Organic and delicious food. They also provide dasi  chicken/mutton , and we were surprised to see the New types of recipes and wild vegetables ..like ,Mashroom ,Geche ,type of Mashroom the are grown in forests …and many mores vegetables….….
Trout fishes also available in gurez valley…
At the market, there are local thelas selling fried chicken and kebabs. If you like non veg, you must try the Tuji and Seekh kebab. Ask the seller for some dahi and chutney. Yum!
Places to visit in Gurez Valley:……..
There are a few points you must not miss out on at all during your Gurez Valley trip. Let me rank them in the order that we liked (most liked top most)

Fish Recipe…
Food’s….wazewan

1.The Kishanganga river : Flanked by tall imposing mountains on both sides, the Kishanganga river is the heart of Gurez, flowing languidly. It merges with the Jhelum near the Line of Control, and is knows as the Neelum river in Pakistan. At its best, the colour of the Kishanganga is a startling turquoise blue, very unlike the colour of usual long rivers. With the rains and the mud they bring along, it changes colour often to grey and clear. We were lucky enough to see it absolutely turquoise when we entered Gurez, and it was one of the highlights of the trip.….

Krishan Ganga river GUREZ valley

2.Khandiyal Point: If you are driving from Gurez market towards the sole petrol pump turn left after it and wind up the mountain. At the top of the hillock, known as Khandiyal Point, you will see beautiful 360 degree views of the mountains, the lake (far in the distance it appears very blue) and Dawar town and nearby villages. From here there are walking trails going high up the mountains, and you can go for a hike if you have the time.


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From Khandyal hights overview of village khandyal

3. Habba Khatoon Mountain and spring: In some ways, the Habba Khatoon peak is the soul or symbol of Gurez. It’s named after a poetess, Habba Khatoon (1554 – 1609). Born and raised in Pampore, she fell in love with the emperor of Kashmir, Yousuf Shah Chak. They got married but in 1579, Akbar captured the king and imprisoned him in Bihar. Habba became an ascetic and wandered around the valley for years, penning down many songs of sorrow and separation.

Habba Khatoon Mountain in Gurez valley

The peak can be see right from the time you enter Gurez. Its perfect pyramid shape makes it stand out from the other mountains around. In the evenings, as daylight changes to dusk and twilight, it becomes grey and pink and silver. There is a small spring (locally known as Chashma) nearby that flows with tremendous force and joins the river. Visiting the spot is easy, its only 3-4 kms from main town Dawar.

Tourist posing in Habba Khatoon Spring

4.Tulail Valley: Reserve a day on your trip to visit Tulail Valley. There are dozens of villages on either side of the dusty highway when you leave Gurez and go further ahead. One side is absolutely bare, barren and brown. The other side of the highway is green, a river flows merrily, and you can see wooden houses with sloping roofs dotting the landscape. Perhaps the most popular of the villages in Tulail is Angaikot, and tourists usually head there but it’s a three four hour drive from Dawar. In Tulail, most people don’t know Hindi and converse in theirl language -Shina (the language of the Dardic tribe)

tulail Gurz

5. River bank: At night, go sit by the river for some time. The sky is very very clear and you will spot a few shooting stars easily.

Rafting in Krishan Ganga Lake….

I. Treks in Gurez Valley:
The tourists aren’t allowed to go trekking in all parts of Gurez valley
especially in khandyal kisar lake …
Khandyal waterfall and khandyal Nallaha.

J. People of Gurez:

The locals usually get excited to see tourists, as not a lot of people visit this valley. People are super friendly and curious and would help if you ask anything. You were invited to houses for chai and food, but that is a hallmark feature of Gurezie hospitality.

Paragliding in GUREZvalley…
Rainbow trout fishes in Gurez valley
Trout fishes in Kishan ganga River in Gurez valley

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